Now, how do children protect their eyes?

- Apr 14, 2020-

During the epidemic, young children cannot go to school, and online teaching has become the choice of many children. Long-term "home" at home, facing a mobile phone or TV screen for a long time, virtually increases the risk of myopia or deepening of myopia.

How should young people use their eyes reasonably? Let us listen to the eight eye protection tips brought by Professor Wei Wenbin, executive director of China Song Qingling Foundation, vice president of Beijing Tongren Hospital, and famous ophthalmologist.

First, avoid using electronic products and watching TV for a long time.
It is recommended that non-learning use of electronic products should not exceed 15 minutes and accumulate no more than 1 hour per day. After 30 to 40 minutes of studying on the Internet, you should rest or look out for 10 minutes to get your eyes fully rested, or close your eyes and rest for 5 to 10 minutes. Expose yourself in front of the window and soak up the sun. It is emphasized that preschool children under 6 years of age should avoid using mobile phones and computers, and parents should also set an example and use electronic products as little as possible.

Second, maintain the correct reading and writing posture.
The height of the desk and chair at home should be adjusted. When reading and writing, keep the "three ones": one inch from the pen tip, one foot from the book, and one punch from the chest to the desk.

Third, change bad eye habits.
Do not read or use electronic products while eating or lying in bed. Do not read or write in the dark or direct sunlight. During reading and writing, turn on the room headlights and table lamps at the same time. The table lamps must have sufficient and uniform brightness and Color temperature.

Fourth, ensure adequate sleep and nutrition.
It is recommended that primary school students sleep for 10 hours a day, 9 hours for junior high school students, and 8 hours for high school students. Children and adolescents need balanced nutrition. They are not picky eaters, eclipse eaters, or overeaters, eat less sugar, eat more vegetables and fruits, and drink no less than 1500 ml of water every day.

Fifth, choose appropriate indoor sports.
Children and adolescents can choose to run in situ, broadcast exercises, sit-ups and other activities. Primary and middle school students can also help parents to do some housework within their ability to relieve eye fatigue through exercise. However, indoor activities should pay attention to choose soft-soled shoes, pay attention to the range of motion and noise, to avoid causing trouble to the neighbors, at the same time to prevent children from falling and bumping, to avoid accidental injuries. Open windows regularly to maintain the flow of indoor air.

Sixth, pay attention to hand hygiene.
Pay attention to washing your hands before and after eating, not rubbing your eyes, eating your hands, or chewing your nails. Master the correct method of washing your hands. Pay attention to the cleanliness of your fingers and wash them with running water.

Seventh, insist on doing eye exercises.
Adhere to eye exercises twice a day, once in the morning and afternoon. It is best to do eye exercises carefully after continuing to use your eyes to get adequate rest. Wash your hands before doing eye exercises.

Eighth, pay attention to eye diseases such as allergic conjunctivitis in children.
If children have red eyes, itchy eyes, and constantly rubbing their eyes, be alert for allergic conjunctivitis. Children who have tilted their heads to see things, frequent squinting and crowding should be carefully observed, and go to the hospital for medical treatment if necessary.