On July 26th, the 2019 International Forum on Visual Health Innovation Development (Vision China 2019) and the 2019 National Eye Optometry Academic Conference were grandly opened at the Qingdao International Conference Center. During the forum, the “International Forum on Optometry Education and Talent Cultivation” focused on the cultivation and development of talents in the optical industry was widely concerned in the industry.
Professor Yang Zhikuan, deputy head of the Optometry Group of the Chinese Medical Association Ophthalmology Branch and Dr. Yang Zhikuan, a doctoral tutor at the Aier Eye Academy of Central South University, shared the "Dry eye health needs, talk about eyesight talent training and ability requirements", respectively The talent training system, industry status and problems, and personnel training requirements have been elaborated.
China's eye optometry doctors have a gap of nearly 300,000, and the cultivation of compound talents is imminent.
Professor Yang Zhikuan, deputy head of the Optometry Group of the Chinese Medical Association Ophthalmology Branch and Dr. Yang Zhikuan, a doctoral tutor at the Aier Eye Academy of Central South University, shared the "Dry eye health needs, talk about eyesight talent training and ability requirements" (during the forum, Professor Yang Zhikuan also separately Sharing "Optical Glasses in Vision" and "Quantitative Analysis of Risk Factors for Juvenile Myopia"
According to the 2016 World Health Organization data, the number of patients with myopia in China has reached 600 million, ranking first in the world, accounting for almost 50% of China's total population. By 2020, this number will increase to 700 million.
It is understood that the United States has a population of 315 million, of which 39,000 are optometrists and 18,000 are ophthalmologists, adding up to nearly 60,000. On average, there are 1.23 optometrists and 0.57 ophthalmologists per 10,000 people. Based on this calculation: China needs about 300,000 eye optometry doctors (optional doctors + ophthalmologists), but in fact, there are only 30,000 qualified optometry doctors in China, and the gap is nearly 300,000.
It is reported that ophthalmology optics mainly deals with the optical properties of the eyeball, including providing primary eye care, optometry, contact lens fitting, prevention and treatment of myopia, binocular visual abnormality treatment, low vision, etc., while ophthalmology mainly treats ophthalmic diseases. There is a cross between the two, but there are obvious differences.
Professor Yang Zhikuan said: "The difference between the eyesight professional and the ophthalmology major in the patient population, as well as the differences in the composition of the knowledge system and the technical direction, has determined that it is impossible for an ophthalmologist to complete the work that should have been done by an optometry physician."
In the composition of the subject knowledge system, the relevant knowledge that the ophthalmologist needs to master is biased toward clinical medicine. In addition to the anatomy, physiology and common diseases related to the eye, the optometry physician also needs higher mathematics, physical optics and biomedical engineering. Know how.
The ruler of the world is in the talents, and the talents who are in the world are educating. To continuously meet people's eye health needs, professional talent training has become a top priority!
“Societies are increasingly demanding high-quality eye-optic professionals. In the future, we need to cultivate interdisciplinary talents that have both a visual optical knowledge system and a medical education background!”
Three-dimensional talent training system to create an elite team of eye-vision industry
“Over the years, due to the low threshold of practice, the practice level of China’s optical industry has been uneven. We call for the standardization of optometry industry standards, and the cultivation of interdisciplinary composite talents, as well as the development of a diversified optometry talent training system. To meet the eye health needs of people at different levels." Professor Yang Zhikuan pointed out.
With the development of the optical industry, as of 2019, there are 19 colleges and universities in China with five-year undergraduate qualifications in optometry, and there are a total of 29 colleges and universities with 4-year-old optometry professional qualifications. The school, as well as a three-year college of eye-optic technology, trains more than 5,000 students each year.
It is reported that Hubei Institute of Science and Technology Aier Eye School of Optics is a cultivating talent training base established by Aier Ophthalmology and Hubei Science and Technology College. Since its establishment in 2014, it has trained nearly 200 undergraduate optometry professionals. In 2018, he was successfully approved for five-year undergraduate education in optical optometry, and in 2019 he was successfully approved for three-year optometry. At present, Hubei Institute of Science and Technology Aier Eye School of Optometry has become a optometry talent education college with three-year eye optometry technology, four-year optometry and five-year optometry.
"We hope to use the undergraduate talent training of the Aier Eye School of Optics and the Hubei University of Science and Technology and the postgraduate training of the Aier Eye Academy of Central South University (two university calendar education training mechanisms), and the Aier Eye Vision 'Excellent Plan' (continuing education training) Mechanism) This three-dimensional all-round talent training system, relying on the Aier Eye Institute of Optometry and more than 300 Aier Eye Hospitals across the country, to create a team of elite talents in the Chinese eye industry Better meet people's needs for eye health and provide quality life-cycle eye care for more patients."
Professor Yang Zhikuan also said that in the future development of the optical industry, it is necessary to start from the "planning industry access, improve the industry threshold, standardization industry exports" to cultivate high-end eyesight talents.