"The abnormal rate of fundus examination in people over 60 years old is higher than 21.39%, that is, there is one person with abnormal fundus in every five people over 60 years old." On November 9, the 9th International Retinal Summit Forum and Nansha Eye Genetics At the Symposium on Diseases, Aier Ophthalmology published a large-scale report on the status of fundus lesions in Chinese eyes, and the seriousness of eye health problems in people over the age of 60 caused concern.
On November 9th, at the 9th International Retina Summit Forum and the Nansha Eye Genetics Symposium, Aier Ophthalmology released a large-scale report on the condition of fundus lesions in Chinese eyes.
At present, China is in the stage of rapid development of population aging. By the end of 2018, the number of elderly people aged 60 and over reached 250 million. Wang Haidong, director of the Department of Aging Health of the National Health and Health Commission, pointed out that "China's life expectancy per capita is 77.0 years in 2018, but according to research, China's per capita health life expectancy is only 68.7 years. The proportion of elderly people with more than one chronic disease is as high as 75%. More than 40 million elderly people with disability and partial disability. According to the monitoring data of chronic diseases and risk factors in China, the prevalence of hypertension in the elderly over 60 years old is 58.3%, and the prevalence of diabetes is 19.4%1. In people over the age of 60 with high systemic diseases, there is another high-risk disease that cannot be ignored. It is a fundus lesion.
Fundus disease becomes the first factor in blindness in old age
According to Aier Ophthalmology, the large-scale report of the fundus condition of Chinese people under the eyes of Aier Ophthalmology relied on the artificial remote intelligence reading system independently developed by Aier Ophthalmology. After one year, through artificial intelligence + remote reading, a total of 68,878 person-times were read. The number of abnormalities in the fundus reading was 12620, and the abnormal rate was 18.32%. In the 61-70 year old population, the abnormal rate increased to 21.39%, and in the 70-year-old population, the abnormal rate was as high as 25.61%. That is, there are more than one fundus lesion in every five people aged 61-70, and one in every four people over 70 years old.
Fundus lesions mainly refer to inflammation of the retina, choroid, optic nerve and vitreous, tumor and blood vessel-like lesions. Common fundus lesions include diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, and high myopia retinopathy. According to the latest data, age-related fundus lesions are becoming the first cause of blindness in the elderly population. Professor Tang Shibo, dean of the Aier Eye Academy of Central South University and the chief of the Aier Eye Hospital Group, pointed out that because of the irreversibility of blindness caused by fundus lesions, once the damage is caused, it cannot be recovered, so the most important treatment of fundus lesions is early check. Early detection and early treatment.
Men are more likely to ignore fundus lesions
According to the big data report on the fundus lesions of Chinese people in Aier Ophthalmology, there are 45,720 women in the fundus readings of 68,878 people, accounting for 66.38%; 23,158 men, accounting for 33.62%; in the eight age groups In the layer, the number of readers in the 61-70 age group ranked first, reaching 26,238 person-times, accounting for 38.09%; the number of readers over 70 years old ranked second, reaching 15,694, accounting for 22.79%; 51-60 years old The number of readers ranked third, reaching 11,774, accounting for 17.09%. The abnormal fundus rate was not significantly different between the north and south regions (outer anomaly rate of 18.1% in the north, 18.71% in the south), gender differences (18.4% in male abnormalities, and 18.29% in females).
"From this data, we can also clearly see that when the abnormal rate of fundus is basically the same, the proportion of women in total readings is almost twice that of men." Professor Tang Shibo pointed out that this is a more interesting one. The data shows that women are more concerned about their eye health problems than men. "But the abnormal rate is basically the same, which also indicates that more men's fundus lesions are ignored."
Grassroots setpoint + artificial intelligence + remote reading, innovative eye health service mode
The elderly are inconvenient to move, but why the sample of people over the age of 60 in this big data report accounts for such a high proportion, which is mainly due to the innovative service model of Aier Ophthalmology. "The grassroots, the community set up the E-eye station, plus the 'artificial intelligence' 'remote reading' and other advanced medical treatment methods, so that the diagnosis of the door is possible, which is also an important part of the old population in this big data. Reason.” Professor Tang Shibo said that this innovative service model is based on the E-mail station and the Aier Ophthalmology professional medical institution all over the country, making it possible to diagnose and diagnose the doorstep at home. At the same time as the grading diagnosis and treatment policy, it really benefits the ordinary people at the grassroots level and the community.