How to prevent myopia

- Dec 27, 2019-

owadays, the myopia crowd is undoubtedly a super class. In addition to adults wearing heavy glasses, more and more children and adolescents are also troubled by myopia, and young children need to wear frame glasses to see the world clearly.

According to the 2018 Adolescent Myopia Survey released by the National Health and Health Committee, the overall myopia rate of children and adolescents nationwide is 53.6%, of which 14.5% are children over 6 years old, 36% are primary school students, 71.6% are junior high school students, and 81 are high school students. %, Myopia is becoming one of the main factors affecting children's physical and mental health and future development.

Parents have spared no effort in the prevention and treatment of children's myopia. Many parents have listened to various myopia stories circulating in the society to treat their children, but some parents remain skeptical. After all, eyes are about the child's future. may not.

Argument 1: Squinting to see things increases myopia?

In life, when children are found squinting, they often hear parents reprimand, "Still squinting and want to be more near-sighted." In the consciousness of many parents, children's narrow-eyed things cause myopia. The main culprit is the rising horror, so it will be severely stopped as soon as the child narrows his eyes.

In fact, this approach of parents is very correct.

Because of myopia, children can't see distant objects clearly, so they will habitually narrow their eyes to see things. This way the eyes can limit the incidence of light, reduce the pixel difference, and make themselves see more clearly.

However, long-term squinting is likely to cause fatigue and tension in the eye muscles, which will deepen myopia. In addition, squinting to see things will also increase astigmatism because the eyelids squeeze the cornea.

Therefore, facing the habit of squinting at home, parents must stop and correct it in time to prevent further damage to the eyes.

Argument 2: Myopia is shallow

Can I wear glasses?

In the face of myopia, many parents listen to the saying, "Do not wear glasses when the degree is relatively light, because the glasses cannot be taken off once worn, and the degree of myopia will become deeper and deeper."

This statement is certainly incorrect. Generally speaking, if the child's nearsightedness is less than 100 degrees, it is not necessary to wear glasses, but if the nearsightedness exceeds 100 degrees, optometry is still required.

First of all, children with more than 100 degrees of nearsightedness will not see the outside world without wearing glasses, which will bring great inconvenience to both life and study. Secondly, even if you do not wear glasses to myopia children, because the child itself is in a stage of growth and development, his myopia degree will have a natural and slowly increasing process, which is not the fault of wearing glasses.

In the outpatient clinic, I often encounter parents who are unwilling to wear glasses to their children. After a period of time, they return to the clinic and find that the child's nearsightedness has not stopped because of rejecting the glasses. Instead, they are constantly climbing upwards. and.

Therefore, when it is found that my child is short-sighted, parents still have to follow the advice of a professional doctor and wear appropriate glasses to the child in time to achieve the purpose of controlling and correcting eyesight. Do not further harm the child's eyes because of their blindness.

Argument 3: My child's short-sighted glasses should be low?

When wearing glasses for children, some parents will require that the power of the glasses they wear be lower than the actual power of the eyes. They believe that this can have the effect of not increasing or reducing myopia.

In fact, the principle of glasses for myopia is the minimum degree of best corrected vision. At present, the functional lenses that can be fitted clinically to control myopia must also be adjusted with a foot to achieve the effect of myopia control.

And many parents so blindly pursue low-power glasses to sacrifice vision correction is definitely not desirable. Children wearing low-match glasses for a long time will often have squinting eyes, sore eyes, and even cause myopia to deepen, less than the so-called control of myopia.

Therefore, it is recommended that parents should go to a professional medical institution to arrange suitable glasses for their children, and stop listening to rumors that wearing glasses with low power can control vision.

Argument 4: Wear glasses to make eyes more and more convex?

In fact, many parents object to their children wearing glasses. Another reason is that they are afraid that wearing the glasses for a long time will make their eyes more and more convex, which will have a great impact on their children's appearance.

This statement is also incorrect. The myopia in patients with myopia is mainly related to the extension of the axis of the eye. Generally, the length of the axis of the normal person is about 24 millimeters. When the degree of myopia increases by 300 degrees, the length of the axis of the eye increases by one millimeter, which will inevitably cause eyeball The increased diameter makes the eyes of myopic people look a little more prominent.

Therefore, glasses are not the culprit that causes eyeballs to protrude. Many people think that myopic people look strange after taking off their glasses. It may also be because they have no reading habits. If they change their glasses to contact lenses and wear them for a week, they will find that their appearance is not abnormal.

In other words, parents should no longer object to the child wearing glasses because of rumors that "wearing glasses will make the eyes convex." In order to prevent the child's myopia from deepening, it is better to wear appropriate lenses for control and correction early.

Argument 5: Can myopia be cured in children?

In the face of more and more myopia among children and adolescents, many businesses are also taking this as an opportunity to sell various products that can cure myopia, and loved parents are paying a lot of money to buy these products.

And these products are often untrustworthy. Because in addition to false myopia can be cured, so far true myopia can only be controlled, it can not achieve the purpose of cure.

Therefore, parents must be rational in the face of various myopia-controlling products from the outside world. Do not be deceived because they are eager to cure their children's myopia. The correct way is to go to a specialized medical institution to check the child. Treat symptomatically.

to sum up

Squinting a child's eyes will not only deepen myopia, but also increase astigmatism. If you want to control your child's nearsightedness, you must go to a professional medical institution for fitting and wear appropriate glasses for your child. At the same time, true myopia cannot be cured. Parents must be rational and must not be deceived.