That School Without Small Glasses Makes Us Think

- Jan 04, 2020-

Fanjia Elementary School is a rural elementary school located in Lizhou District, Guangyuan City, Sichuan Province. It has only 51 students, but it has one feature that surprised many people: none of them wear glasses. On the afternoon of December 17, 2019, the students of Fanjia Elementary School were hiding in the classroom, and the blackboard wrote the prompt: Are you sitting right today?

According to the results of the 2018 National Children and Adolescent Myopia Survey released by the National Health and Health Committee, the overall myopia rate of children and adolescents is 53.6%, of which the myopia rate of primary school students is 36%. In contrast, the myopia rate of Fanjia Elementary School is obviously far below the national average. Because of this phenomenon, most of the children are left-behind children's boarding elementary schools, and their reputation has spread. In the just past 2019, parents, teachers and scholars from other places have been coming continuously, hoping to learn a little teaching experience. At its busiest, visitors are welcomed 3 days a week.

How did Fanjia Elementary School do it? The principal Zhang Pingyuan said that the school did not deliberately prevent myopia, it was "conventional prevention". He believes: "This is mainly related to the length of time children play." Here, except for more than 5 hours of class time and 11 hours of sleep, children can play outside at will. Even if there are classes, one third of the classes are outdoors, including physical education, nature observation, and local courses. This "stocking" state easily reminds us of our happy childhood in the 1980s and 1990s. A study published in the journal Nature analyzed that the main cause of myopia is the lack of time spent outdoors. 

In fact, Fanjia Primary School is not a rural primary school in the traditional impression. There is no shortage of electronic products here. Students also have a tablet computer, and a computer in each classroom for teachers and students to check information. Electronic products are fully used here, but they are also managed. Tablets are used for teaching most of the time, and teachers will put them together after class to manage them. From time to time, teachers will also touch the children's heads to remind them to keep their eyes away from books. Judging from the academic performance of students, Fanjia Elementary School can be ranked in the middle and upper reaches in more than 30 primary schools in the region.

Some scholars call Fanjia Elementary School "the return of education to the nature of educating people," but others believe that this education model is not "universal" in the domestic education environment. The implication is that such "stocking" is difficult to win in the fierce competition in the city, and it is difficult to enter the "key" middle school. It is difficult to deny this, which is the bitterness of life. But the Fan family elementary school model also makes us ponder: Is it right to "squeeze" a child's childhood and overdraw his health? When can we get rid of the theater effect and educational anxiety that day and night haunt us? Is it necessary? 

Some have already begun action. For example, it is mentioned in the report that when the school starts in the fall of 2019, Fanjia Elementary School welcomes 11 students transferred from other places. Many places also attach great importance to children's vision problems. For example, the Qingdao Municipal Education Bureau and other nine departments recently jointly issued the "Implementation Plan of the National Pilot Zone for Myopia Prevention and Control of Children and Adolescents in Qingdao". From a nationwide perspective, how to reduce students 'academic burden, improve the visual environment, protect students' sleep time, strengthen outdoor physical exercise, and strengthen visual health management have also become issues of widespread public concern.

Today, education competition has become fierce. Parents, I only hope that this competition is healthy and healthy. In the recently entered 1920s, I hope that the way of education less "squeezes" the childhood of children, so that they can look farther, and will go further in the future.